1. The first civil right : protection from lawless racial violence -- 2. Freedom from fear : white violence, black criminality, and the ideological fight for law-and-order -- 3. Policing the Great Society : modernizing law enforcement and rehabilitating criminal sentencing -- 4. The era of big punishment : mandatory minimums, community policing, and death penalty bidding wars -- 5. The last civil right : freedom from state-sanctioned racial violence.