Philology, Classical -- See Classical philology Here are entered treatises on the theory, methods and history of classical scholarship.
Philology, Comparative -- See Comparative linguistics Here are entered works which compare languages or groups of languages for the specific purpose of determining their common origin, or discuss the method of their comparison, as represented by 19th century comparative philology and its subsequent developments. Works which compare or contrast two or more languages with the aim of finding principles which can be applied to practical problems in language teaching and translation are entered under the heading Contrastive linguistics.
Philology, Oriental -- See Oriental philology Here are entered works on the ancient and/or modern Oriental languages and literatures of Asia as a whole, or of the Far East only. Works on the ancient and/or modern languages and literatures of the Middle East are entered under Middle Eastern philology.